What we do
About our project
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are a mostly harmless, often self-limiting condition for healthy women. Incidence is high with 124 cases per 1000 women per year. GPs prescribe antibiotics in 75% of the cases, while we know from literature that over 50% of women will be free of symptoms after one week, without treatment. With this project we will try to promote the wait-and-see approach for women with uncomplicated UTIs, by installing a new protocol, train the practice assistants and inform patients about the possibility of the wait and see approach.
We hypothesize that a de-implantation strategy aimed at practice assistants and patients, will reduce the amount of antibiotics prescribed for uncomplicated urinary tract infections, and, when an antiobiotic is given, will increase the amount of days between diagnosis and antibiotic prescription.
In five participating general practices, we will work together with a doctor and practice assistant to renew the protocol for women with a UTI. We will provide a training for the practice assistants about the natural course of a UTI and about shared decision making. For patients we will provide information regarding the different treatment options. Aim of the new protocol is to advise healthy women aged 18 years and older with a UTI to wait and see for the first 7 days of the complaints. The effect of the de-implementation strategy will be evaluated using the Rijnmond Gezond database. We will compare the amount of antibiotics prescribed for UTIs and the number of days between diagnosis and prescription during the post-intervention year, compared to the five preceding years.
Our research focus
The primary outcome is percentage of patients with a prescription for an antibiotic on the day of the diagnosis with a UTI.
Secondary outcome is the number of days between diagnosis and prescription of antibiotics. We will also measure days of complaints before consulting the GP and possible complications.